Independent hypothesized structural patterns was in fact looked at for every PD following general model displayed for the Shape step one . The results per of your own five infection patterns are revealed lower than.
To assure that the measurement model was providing a good representation of the underlying trait structure of STPD, two facets accounting for less than 10% of the latent trait variable were removed from all three time points. These were the Openness facet, ideas (O5), and the Conscientiousness facet, order (C2). At baseline, ideas had a standardized regression weight of ?.19, and order was ?.05. Model fit was assessed with three widely used measures, the normed fit index (NFI; Bentler Bonett, 1980), the comparative fit index (CFI; Bentler, 1990), and the root-mean-squared error of approximation (RMSEA; Steiger, 1990). For the former two measures, values of approximately .90 or greater reflect an adequate fit, whereas Browne and Cudeck (1993) suggested that values of the RMSEA of .05 or less indicate a close fit, values between .05 and .08 indicate adequate fit, and values of greater than .10 suggest room for improvement. The fit of the final schizotypal structural model was acceptable (NFI=.91, CFI=.94, RMSEA=.06). The standardized parameter estimates reflecting the stability for the latent trait variable across time were significant and quite large (?.76 and ?.83, both ps<.01) as were the stability estimates for STPD (?.90 and ?.81, both ps<.01).
As can be seen in Figure 2 , there were no significant cross-lagged effects of STPD on schizotypal personality traits, nor was the initial trait value significantly related to the second measurement of STPD. However, there was a significant lagged effect from the latent personality trait variable at Time 2 to STPD at Time 3 (?.16, p<.01).
As described earlier, the original borderline personality trait measurement model was refined by removing those facets that accounted for less than 10% of the variance. This resulted in removing the two Openness facets in the model, feelings (O3) and actions (O4), which were ?=.10 and ?= ?.20 at baseline, respectively. The final borderline structural model appeared to be a good representation of the data (NFI=.91, CFI=.95, RMSEA=.06). The stability estimates were significant for the latent personality trait variables over time (?=.70, p<.01 and ?=.77, p<.01) as were the stability estimates for PD over time (?=.77, p<.01 and ?=.70, p<.01).
As can be seen in Figure 3 , there was a significant cross-lagged effect from BPD at baseline to borderline traits at Year 1 (?=.15, p<.01). More informative in that regard was the significant cross-lagged effect (TB>DC) from the measure of personality at Year 1 to PD at the Year 2 time point (?=.14, p<.01).
As was done with earlier models, the trait measurement model for AVPD was refined, resulting in the exclusion of the Extraversion facet of excitement seeking, and the Openness facet of actions (?=?.17 and ?=?.29 at baseline, respectively). The fit of the resulting AVPD structural model was acceptable as indicated by the various fit indices (NFI=.89, CFI=.94, RMSEA=.05). The standardized parameter estimates reflecting the stability of the latent trait variable over time were both significant (?=.74, p<.01 and ?=.77, p<.01) as were the parameter estimates which represent the stability of AVPD (?=.73, p<.01 and ?=.60, p<.01).
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